I invite you to explore this site and find out more about why this school is a great place to learn. [43], Backed by wealthy Flemish merchants, in March 1471 Edward landed near Hull, close to his estates in Yorkshire. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars in England fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions between 1455 and 1487. King Edward VII Upper School. [50] Edward received an immediate payment of 75,000 crowns, plus a yearly pension of 50,000 crowns, thus allowing him to recoup the costs of his army. Welcome. The battle was preceded by a meteorological phenomenon known as parhelion, or three suns, which he took as his emblem, the "Sun in splendour". Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, then again from 11 April 1471 until his death. This was followed by Henry's death a few days later; a contemporary chronicle claimed this was due to "melancholy," but it is generally assumed he was killed on Edward's orders. We are an independent, boarding and day school for girls and boys aged 11-18. King Edward VI Academy King Edward VI Academy is a 'Good' school and Sixth Form located in rural Spilsby, Lincolnshire. Our Alliance is led by the The King Edward VI School based in Morpeth approximately 20 minutes north of Newcastle upon Tyne. Values and Ethos. Joining Us. Wilton Road, Southampton, SO15 5UQ. [74] He also began a major upgrade of St George's Chapel, Windsor, where he was buried in 1483; later completed by Henry VII, it was badly damaged during the First English Civil War, and little of the original work remains. Edward’s promiscuity enabled Richard of Gloucester, after his death, to question the validity of his marriage and so to ruin his sons. Who’s who. [16] Unusually tall for the period at 6 feet 4 inches (193 centimetres), he was an impressive sight in armour, and took care to wear splendid clothes. King Edward’s has a proud history and tradition dating back to 1552 when our educational institution was first established. Sixth Form. [30] Others argue if this was his purpose, there were far better options available; all agree it had significant political implications that impacted the rest of Edward's reign. Our school has a rich and prestigious history; thousands of students have walked the halls of our magnificent building all in pursuit of the same excellence that we strive for today. He rebuilt St. George’s Chapel, Windsor, and collected illuminated Flemish manuscripts. King Edward VI Handsworth School for Girls teacher wins prestigious national STEM award King Edward’s School Students seek to inspire through TEDx event King Edward’s School & Camp Hill School for Boys achieve top awards in Sunday Times Schools of the Decade Lucy Phillips 1958 – 2020 King Edward VI Academy Trust Welcomes Turves Green Girls’ School : The Case for the Defence", British Library Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts, Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_IV_of_England&oldid=996422073, Burials at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Translate. Founded in 1552, KES has held a special place in the city for well over four and a half centuries and is now firmly established as one of the leading schools in the south-west of England. As a parent and Headteacher, I am keenly aware of the hopes and aspirations parents and students invest in education. Reporting a positive Covid-19 case. The Grammar School of King Edward VI at Stratford-upon-Avon (commonly referred to as King Edward VI School or shortened to K.E.S.) First Name. The most comprehensive modern biography was written by Charles Ross in 1974, who concluded that Edward's greatest apparent achievement – the peace and stability of his latter years – was squandered in short-term aggrandisement. Omissions? [20], Margaret fled to Scotland with Edward of Westminster, while the new king returned to London for his coronation. I am very proud of our school, a school which is both ambitious for, and supportive of, every pupil it serves. [33], In early July, Clarence travelled to Calais, where he married Isabel in a ceremony conducted by George Neville and overseen by Warwick. [4][a], Allegations of illegitimacy were discounted at the time as politically inspired, and by later historians. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thank you for considering King Edward VI Grammar School for your child. He made great preparations in 1474 and obtained a large grant from Parliament. [9] English politics became dominated by the struggle between the Yorkists, and supporters of the House of Lancaster, or Lancastrians, notably the Duke of Somerset, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, and Henry's wife, Margaret of Anjou. Apply to receive closure alerts for this school Apply. His close relationship with the London branch of the Medici Bank ended in its bankruptcy; in 1517, the Medicis were still seeking repayment of Edward's debts. King Edward VI, in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, opened as an academy in the autumn of 2012. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). King Edward VI Community College. In 1478, his staff prepared the so-called 'Black Book', a comprehensive review of government finances, still in use a century later. Nevertheless, casualties among the Lancastrian nobility were enormous, and explains the enduring bitterness among those who survived. View a map of the catchment areas for all secondary schools Ofsted. The King Edward VI School - Part of The Three Rivers Learning Trust Powered by realsmart. Search. However, it soon became clear there was little support for Warwick or Clarence; Edward was released in September and resumed the throne. Read more . In 1485, he was killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor, who ruled as Henry VII, and married Edward IV's daughter, Elizabeth of York, thus uniting the two houses. I am very proud of our school, a school which is both ambitious for, and supportive of, every pupil it serves. Edward was the eldest surviving son of Richard, duke of York, by Cicely, daughter of Ralph Neville, earl of Westmorland. [e] As Flemish merchants were the largest buyers of English wool, Edward was generally pro-Burgundian, although Duke Charles' reluctance to support him in 1471 impacted their relationship. Upcoming Events. [73], Edward spent large sums on Eltham Palace, including the still-extant Great Hall, site of a feast for 2,000 people in December 1482, shortly before his death in April. [87], "Edward IV" redirects here. [25] In October 1464, Warwick was enraged to discover that on 1 May, Edward had secretly married Elizabeth Woodville, a widow with two sons, whose Lancastrian husband, John Grey of Groby, died at Towton. At Tewkesbury, after some remarkable forced marches (one of more than 40 miles at a stretch), he caught up with her army on May 4. By showering favours on Elizabeth’s two sons by her first husband and on her five brothers and her seven sisters, Edward began to build up a group of magnates who would be a counterpoise to the Nevilles. He acquired fine clothes, jewels, and furnishings, as well as a collection of beautifully illuminated historical and literary manuscripts, many made specially for him by craftsmen in Bruges. [70], It is not known where or how Edward's library was stored, but it is recorded that he transferred volumes from the Great Wardrobe to Eltham Palace and that he had a yeoman "to kepe the king's bookes". Supporters were initially reluctant to commit; the key northern city of York opened its gates only when he claimed to be seeking the return of his dukedom, like Henry IV seventy years earlier. Edward fled to Flanders, where he gathered support and invaded England in March 1471; after victories at the battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury, he resumed the throne. [75], Edward had ten children by Elizabeth Woodville, seven of whom survived him; they were declared illegitimate under the 1483 Titulus Regius, an act repealed by Henry VII, who married his eldest daughter, Elizabeth. Warwick crushed Lancastrian resistance in the far north of England between 1462 and 1464 and conducted England’s diplomacy. He began a reorganization of the revenues from the crown estates, experimenting with methods of improving yields and promoting more efficient auditing under officials of the flexible royal household treasury instead of the unadaptable Exchequer. [71] [72] More than forty of his books survive intact from the 15th century, which suggests they were carefully stored, and are now included in the Royal Collection of manuscripts, held by the British Library. Professor of Medieval History, University of Liverpool, 1967–80. Edward was born on 28 April 1442 at Rouen in Normandy, eldest surviving son of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. They returned to London, where they assembled an army to remove these 'evil councillors' and establish good government. Find us on Facebook. However, with Duke Charles focused on besieging Neuss, Louis opened negotiations and soon after Edward landed at Calais, the two signed the Treaty of Picquigny. Our Alumni. King Edward VII Preparatory School is a boys’ government school situated in Houghton, Johannesburg. 16 year old Edward of Westminster died on the battlefield, with surviving leaders like Somerset executed shortly afterwards. Selective Schools. [12] York crossed from Ireland to England; on entering the Palace of Westminster, he declared himself king, a claim greeted by the assembled lords in silence. Gloucester invaded Scotland and took the town of Edinburgh, but not the far more formidable castle, where James was being held by his own nobles. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Just click on this link to stay in touch… Future First . King Edward’s School, an HMC independent day school for boys aged 11-18 founded in 1552. They focus on the lives of great rulers, including Julius Caesar,[67] historical chronicles,[68] and instructional and religious works. Welcome to the website for King Edward VI School, Stratford-upon-Avon. [10] In January 1454, 12 year old Edward rode beside his father when he entered London to attend the Great Council. It was the forerunner of the council of Wales and the marches that subjugated the area to English rule. [19], Estimates of the dead range from 9,000 to 20,000; figures are uncertain, as most of the mass graves were emptied or moved over the centuries, while corpses were generally stripped of clothing or armour before burial. Welcome. Edward and Edmund were probably brought up at Ludlow Castle, in the Welsh Marches, where York was the dominant landowner. [45], Edward entered London unopposed and took Henry prisoner; Warwick was defeated and killed at the Battle of Barnet on 14 April, while a second Lancastrian army was destroyed at the Battle of Tewkesbury on 4 May. Lancastrian resistance in the northeast and in Wales caused problems. [49], In 1475, Edward allied with Burgundy, and declared war on France. [9], Matters came to a head in August 1453 when Henry collapsed into a catatonic stupor on hearing news of the loss of Gascony, an English possession for over 300 years. He was also a friend and patron of the printer William Caxton, and his book collection became the foundation of the Old Royal Library, later one of the glories of the British Museum. The two were married to Isabel Neville and Anne Neville respectively, the daughters of the Earl and Countess of Warwick and heirs to their mother's considerable inheritance. One view is the low status of the Woodvilles was part of the attraction, since unlike the Nevilles, they were reliant on Edward and thus more likely to remain loyal. On the same day, Queen Margaret (Henry VI’s wife) belatedly landed in Dorset from France with her only son, Edward, prince of Wales. Under his rule, ownership of the Duchy of Lancaster was transferred to the Crown, where it remains today. I invite you to explore this site and find out more about why this school is a great place to learn. Attendance. Author of, United Kingdom: Edward IV (1461–70 and 1471–83). Nearly all the remaining Lancastrian leaders were killed on the field or executed afterward, and, after murdering Henry (May 21–22) and repelling an attack on London, Edward was secure for the remainder of his life. Home; Covid-19 Guidance; About. [61], Although the economy recovered from the depression of 1450 to 1470, Edward's spending habitually exceeded income; on his death in 1483, the Crown had less than £1,200 in cash. Surprised, Edward fled with a few faithful supporters to the Netherlands in October. When his father was killed in December of that year, Edward gathered an army in Wales and defeated Henry’s supporters (called Lancastrians because of Henry’s descent from John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster). Grace Plantagenet, recorded as attending the funeral of Elizabeth Woodville in 1492; This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 14:33. [23] This exposed internal divisions, some over policy, but more significantly Warwick's encouragement of the perception he was the senior partner. [2] Until his father's death, he was known as the Earl of March. [38] With French support, Warwick landed in England on 9 September 1470 and announced his intention to restore Henry. Edward’s sister Margaret was married in July 1468 with great pomp to Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy, and the brothers-in-law planned a joint invasion of France. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. [83] The historical consensus is he and his brother Richard were killed, probably between July to September 1483; debate on who gave the orders, and why, continues, although their uncle Richard III was the beneficiary. Welcome to King Edwards King Edward VII School is one of the most prestigious 11-18 comprehensive schools in the City of Sheffield. [3], However, the birth of Henry's son, Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, in October 1453 created a viable Lancastrian figurehead, and the 1450s was dominated by political conflict between the two factions. School Direct Teacher Training Primary and Secondary Vacancies. Her advisers hoped to gain Lancastrian support in Wales, and it became a race for time between Edward IV’s forces and hers as to whether she could get there before he overtook her. View today's bulletin; Parental Communication; WeDuc; RM Unify; Class Charts; RM Portico; 01803 869200. email us . [29] Historians generally accept the marriage was an impulsive decision, but differ on whether it was also a "calculated political move". These and other measures enabled him to leave behind a fortune; some of his improved financial administration was continued and developed by his successors Richard III and Henry VII. Situated on a magnificent campus in the heart of Upper Houghton, Johannesburg, it consists of beautiful, old, traditional, National Monument buildings, complemented by state of the art sporting & cultural facilities. Taking London, he defeated and killed Warwick at Barnet on April 14. view our full calendar. Follow us on twitter. France and Burgundy were also of concern because…. 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