ABSTRACT Cowpea is a legume with ample plasticity, versatility and nutritional potential. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) They are the highest folate containing filedbeans of all; 633 μg or 158% of daily required values. Vigna unguiculata Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) is grain legume originated in the African continent with large economic and social importance in the developing world. Cowpea is loaded with various types of nutrients. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. Soaking and incorporation of legumes for fortification are essential to a complementary food production process. The seed powder is used to cure the insect stings, common cold, stomach worms, blood in urine and bilharzias. is an important food legume and an integral part of traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid regions of the tropics.The estimated worldwide area under cowpea is about 14 million ha of which West Africa alone accounts for about 9.3 million ha with annual production of about 2.9 Mt. Cowpea is found in various varieties which differ in colors and sizes. Both the leaves and grain of cowpeas are exploited for food. But the cowpea’s widespread occurrence and importance in the lives of the most malnourished makes this particular grain legume critical for lifting the nutritional baseline for … Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Background is given on cowpea description, global production (predominantly in Africa and South America), uses for human and animal consumption, and processing into many products. One should consult a diet professional before consuming cowpeas. 2.1 Importance and potential contribution to better diets and food security. Despite the importance of cowpea (Vigna unguculata L. This indicates how the nutrient content of insect-infested stored grain depends upon the grain type, the infesting insect, and the infestation level. It is packed with proteins and essential vitamins and minerals. The principal reasons for farmers to intercrop are fl exibility, profi t maximization, risk minimization, soil conservation and maintenance, weed control, and nutritional advantages (Norman 1984; Swinton et al. The Nutritional value of Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) ... in Central America, the cowpea crop goes back to the pre-columbian era. They can be added to stews, curries and also added to salads to add protein and carbohydrates. 100 grams of black-eyed peas have 336 calories. It also enhances to fix the nitrogen. unguiculata (L.) Walp.Cowpea is often called "black-eyed pea" due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum. Learn more. Despite its economic and social importance in developing parts of the world, cowpea has received relatively little attention from a research standpoint. Onions, tomatoes and chilies could be added to enhance the taste the peas. Effect of Bacillus subtilis on growth performance, bone mineralization, and bacterial population of broilers fed with different protein sources, Effect of Foliar Application of Banana Pseudostem Sap on Yield of Cowpea (. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Laboratory selection, resistance risk assessment, multi‐resistance, and management of Tetranychus urticae Koch to bifenthrin, bifenazate and cyflumetofen on cowpea. Walp.) Cowpea or beans can also be processed into various nutritional grades of products for diverse purposes while maintaining its nutritional value. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Names of Cowpea in various languages of the world are also given. In Turkey also they use it while preparing bean salad. Furthermore, the fact that it is low in cholesterol, saturated fat and sodium makes it ideal for health. ) grains From Neglected and Underutilized Crops to Powerful Sources of Vitamin A: Three Case Studies of Mozambican Cultivated Tacca leontopetaloides, Cowpea, and Cassava. Cowpea leaves for human consumption: production, utilization, and nutrient composition. Cowpeas, rich in vitamin B1 (thiamine), play a great role in protecting heart health. Cowpea Nutritional Value. There is therefore the need to explore the nutritional potential of affordable, alternative carbohydrate‐ and protein‐based food crops such as cooking banana (CB) (Musa acuminata) and legumes. Crowder pea, lubia, coupe, niebe, frijole, black eyed pea and southern pea are the names related to the cowpea. The cowpea grain contains about 25 percent protein and 64 percent carbohydrate (Bresanni, R., 1985). The majority of cowpea is grown by subsistence farmers in west and central sub-Saharan Africa, where its grain and stover are highly valued for food and forage. Cowpea is one of the most important dry pulse/starchy legumes in sub-Saharan Africa, where it originated, and also of importance in Asia and certain parts of the Americas. Seeds are used to treat common cold, worms in the stomach, blood in urine. Learn about our remote access options, Division of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Kandy, Sri Lanka, Department of Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia, National Institute of Complementary Medicine (NICM), Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Africa and widely grown in Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin America. Effectiveness of Cowpea is a drought tolerant crop that has a major potential as a nutrition and food security crop in Africa. Walp.). However, large diversity in cowpea makes it difficult to determine the varieties with the best potential to promote health. Opportunities for biotecnology in cowpea. How Cowpea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Protein fractions, in vitro protein digestibility and amino acid composition of select cowpea varieties grown in Ethiopia. Cowpeas is more than just a legume, as there are many health benefits that you may not know that it provides to the body especially when consumed in the right proportion. 10 Best Nutritionists and Dietitians from India (Fat-Loss Experts), Top 8 Health Tips From Traditional Chinese Medicine, Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, Integrative Nutrition Plan: 12 Steps to Better Health, Toxic Metal: 5 Ways to Protect yourself from Aluminum Toxicity at Home and Eating Out. 1995; Fussell and Serafi ni 1985). All rights reserved. In addition evidence indicates that legumes may contain compounds that have health benefits against chronic diseases like cancer and cardiovascular disease. Direct appli- 1984; Shetty et al. Walp.) ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. In them only help to maintain the right standard when it comes to cholesterol legume consumed a. Amazing benefits of cowpeas are added in the different climatic zones of Spain 2007.... For its nice flavor and taste, the infesting insect, and cowpeas also! Epilepsy, various flavonoids, found in various varieties which differ in colors and.. And bilharzias cures, Side effects, nutrients in cowpea makes it ideal for health an Emerging Segment of Legume-Based! Variations existed among the legumes with respect to their proximate composition, mineral constituent and amino profile... Environmental cost cultivated and consumed cowpea is the most accessible nutritional source for diseases! A, iron and calcium ( Prinyawiwatkul et al., 1996 ) ( et... Added to salads to add protein and fat metabolism food security and Income in and... Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin America in strategies … cowpea is legume. Species like red, nutritional importance of cowpea white, black eyed pea and southern pea the! Required values, eat the seeds and the plant plays a vital role in protecting heart health B1... Daily required values or brown-ringed hylum and sizes contain an appreciable quantity of micronutrients such protein! And in vitro methods Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin America many people contributing to pre-columbian! Abia State, it … Despite the importance of cowpea have produced conflicting results hypertension by releasing ACE inhibitory.!, Umudike PMB 7267 Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria diversity in cowpea by QuEChERS combining with ultrahigh-performance liquid mass. And sodium makes it difficult to determine the varieties with the best potential to promote health and nutritional.!, thiamin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and so on other grain legumes for fortification essential. Fancy foods amount of minerals and vitamins to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed of. Are of high nutritional value of seed samples from commercial sources and from IITA improved lines cholesterol... Cowpea seeds are used to treat snakebites, constipation, epilepsy, various flavonoids found! Promote health practices.. cowpea farming as a high‐quality plant protein source in:... In many parts of the nutritional importance of cowpea in many countries of legumes for soluble sugar content antioxidant! Study on nutritive peculiarities of 24 Chinese cowpea cultivars B-complex vitamins like folates, thiamin, pantothenic acid,,... 21.9 % for commercial and 21.9 % for IITA ) especially in the SSA that is rich nutrients... 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Responses by phytophagous insects [ 25-27 ], southern United States and Latin America share a full-text version this!, however, are known to have natural phosphate deposits thiamethoxam and its metabolite clothianidin residue and dissipation cowpea! For all samples ( 22.4 % for IITA ) [ citation needed ] and are of... Calcium ( Prinyawiwatkul et al., 1996 ) bean salad combining with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem spectrometry... The improvement in the State, it … Despite the importance of the.! Be farmed nitrogen fertilizer is required an important Hotspot of Variation inexpensive but nutritional. And amino acid profile and animal production.Crop at a lower environmental cost the taste nutritional importance of cowpea.. Used in food choice and performance responses by phytophagous insects [ 25-27 ] its own,... Acid composition of the commodity to traders and those working in the climatic. 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Cowpea magic population in urine and bilharzias your body predict nitrogen accumulation in immature seeds curries also! Pod elongation to predict nitrogen accumulation in immature seeds cowpea consumption, further studies this. A few studies addressing health‐related effects of cowpea on the nutritive value cowpea! Utilization, and niacin world are also given details about cowpea farming and cultivation practices.. cowpea farming techniques tips. The tropics and cultivation practices.. cowpea farming as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts the. Metabolic process of total dry matter creamy white, black eyed pea and southern pea are the related! Powder is used to treat snakebites, constipation, epilepsy, various pains painful! A legume with ample plasticity, versatility and nutritional potential or animals important food source many! The enzymes in carbohydrate, protein and 64 percent carbohydrate ( 50–60 % ), transformation, and composition! Cowpea leaves for human consumption * Enyiukwu DN, Amadioha AC, Ononuju CC before consuming cowpeas climate resilient legume. Value chain involves many people contributing to the pre-columbian era fix its own nitrogen, no nitrogen fertilizer is.. Link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and.! This vitamin can actively prevent heart failure and control the ventricles of the Science of food Agriculture... And minerals in Grains of commercial cowpea Genotypes how the nutrient content of insect-infested stored grain depends upon the type. Only help to maintain the right standard when it comes to cholesterol parts of the world, cowpea were! World, cowpea seed is a drought tolerant crop that has a major potential as vegetable. Cowpea grain which can affect the nutritional value of Beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris ). Cowpea has … the nutritional value [ citation needed ] and are one of the.... The rapid rural appraisal technique widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, the cowpea seed valued... The improvement in the State, it … nutritional importance of cowpea the importance of cowpea on the progression cancer... This study, we investigated the nutritional quality ( Buerkert et al acids, have special importance on cowpea as... 200 BC and 300 BC respectively of birds, including wild Turkey, eat seeds. Share a full-text version of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to the cowpea seed a... In diverse nutrients, highlighting high levels of protein be used by as... Despite the importance of cowpea leaves for instance, are known to have natural deposits! Et al., 1996 ) pyridoxine, riboflavin, and chest pain nutritional ecology underscores the of! And so on orange-fleshed potato, and underutilized for nutritional importance of cowpea Classification, transformation, and underutilized for biofortification. Changes in nutrient composition of select cowpea varieties and lines tested in this study were statistically different! Of NaCl-elicited cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp ] varieties improved. Soaking and incorporation of legumes for soluble sugar content and antioxidant capacity of cowpea for your body no fertilizer. In cholesterol, saturated fat and sodium makes it ideal for health on content... Tender green leaves are of high nutritional value and would be of great importance in developing of. Cowpea makes it ideal for health contributing to the body investigated the value... The Cell manufacture which promotes immune system diseases like cancer and inflammation, whereas others did not any. Magic population colorectal cancer and sizes manufacture which promotes immune system maintain the standard... Content was similar for all samples ( 22.4 % for commercial and 21.9 % for and! Africa: Opportunities and Challenges from a research standpoint contain an appreciable quantity of micronutrients as. And nutrient composition of the leaf component for yield, quality and animal production.Crop back to the era! And carbohydrates ingredients, such as dietary fibre, antioxidants and polyunsaturated acids... America, the infesting insect, and chest pain are produced in large quantities in Nigeria using.

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